She is now commonly known as the first African-American woman to gain a PhD in mathematics, from the Catholic University of America. Her father William S. Lofton was a dentist and investor, and her mother was Lavinia Day Lofton. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes (September 11, 1890 – July 25, 1980) was an American mathematician and educator. [2] In 1917 she married Harold Appo Haynes, a teacher. She gained a master's degree in education from the University of Chicago in 1930. Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born Martha Euphemia Lofton on … In 1943, she became the first African-American woman to gain a PhD in mathematics. In addition, Pope John XXIII awarded her the Papal decoration of honor, Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice, in 1959. Euphemia Lofton Haynes made history in 1943 by becoming the first Black woman in the United States to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics in the United States. Other pages about Euphemia Lofton Haynes: Other websites about Euphemia Lofton Haynes: Written by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, If you have comments, or spot errors, we are always pleased to, https://www.biography.com/people/euphemia-lofton-haynes-, http://archives.lib.cua.edu/findingaid/Haynes-Lofton.cfm, http://www.math.buffalo.edu/mad/PEEPS/haynes.euphemia.lofton.html, Societies: National Association of Mathematicians, Euphemia Lofton Haynes Biography, Mathematician. 1 2. The birth of Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes, an African American mathematician and teacher in 1890, is celebrated on this date. She grew up in Washington DC, earned a bachelors degree in mathematics from Smith College in 1914, a masters The Catholic University of America established the Euphemia Lofton Haynes Award to recognize outstanding junior mathematics majors who have demonstrated excellence and promise in their study of mathematics. Jennie named E.L. Haynes for Dr. Euphemia Lofton Haynes, the first African-American woman to receive a doctorate in mathematics, a teacher in the Washington, DC school system for 47 years, and the first woman to serve as the President of the DC Board of Education. In 1943 gained her PhD from The Catholic University of America with a dissertation, supervised by Aubrey Landrey, entitled The Determination of Sets of Independent Conditions Characterizing Certain Special Cases of Symmetric Correspondences. Accept Read More. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born on September 11, 1890 to William S. Lofton. She served as first vice president of the Archdiocesan Council of Catholic Women, chair of the Advisory Board of Fides Neighborhood House, on the Committee of International Social Welfare, on the Executive Committee of the National Social Welfare Assembly, secretary and member of the Executive Committee of the DC Health and Welfare Council, on the local and national committees of the United Service Organization, a member of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, Catholic Interracial Council of Washington, the Urban League, NAACP, League of Women Voters, and the American Association of University Women. William Lofton was a prominent dentist and a financial supporter of black institutions and charities. She was the first African-American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics, which she earned from the Catholic University of America in 1943. Unfortunately, since Euphema was African-American and female, she faced many setbacks and problems through her life like racism, and sexism. Harold Haynes died in 1978. Haynes was involved in many community activities. Martha Euphemia Lofton was born in Washington, D.C. in 1890, the first child and only daughter of Dr. Willian Lofton and Mrs. Lavinia Day Lofton. Miner Normal School with distinction, she went on to earn an undergraduate mathematics major (and psychology minor) [1][2], Haynes "contributed quite grandly to the educational system of the District of Columbia. Born: 1890; Died July 25, 1980. place: Washington, D.C. BA Smith College (1914); MA education, University of Chicago. Haynes died of a heart attack on July 25, 1980 in her hometown, Washington, D.C. She had set up a trust fund to support a professorial chair and student loan fund in the School of Education, giving $700,000 to Catholic University. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was an American mathematician and educator. Haynes was born to parents Dr. William Lofton and Mrs. Lavina Day Lofton in Washington, D.C. on September 11, 1890. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes, first african american woman mathematican. Her mother was active in the Catholic Church, which was a trait that would carry on to Haynes until her death in 1980. She was the oldest out of her siblings and the only girl. September 11, 1890 - July 25, 1980. Euphemia Lofton Haynes, née Martha Euphemia Lofton, (born Sept. 11, 1890, Washington, D.C., U.S.—died July 25, 1980, Washington, D.C.), American educator and mathematician who was the first African American woman to receive a doctoral degree in mathematics. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. [1], Euphemia Lofton was the first child and only daughter of William S. Lofton, a dentist and financier, and Lavinia Day Lofton, a kindergarten teacher. You're Standing On It", "Euphemia Lofton Haynes, first african american woman mathematican", Family papers held at the Catholic University of America, Euphemia Lofton Haynes: Bringing Education Closer to the "Goal of Perfection", "Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes, first African American woman mathematician", Martha Euphemia Lofton-Haynes: Mathematician, Educator, and Mentor, Euphemia L. Haynes, Leading the Way for Women in Mathematics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euphemia_Haynes&oldid=988445575, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes (September 11, 1890, Washington, D.C. – July 25, 1980, Washington, D.C.) was an American mathematician and educator. This is illustrated in its history related to race. Sign up for free. Britannica Explores. Euphemia Lofton Haynes was an American mathematician and educator. Born Martha Euphemia Lofton on September 11, 1890, in Washington, D.C., her father was a prominent black dentist known for backing African-American businesses in the D.C. area. Growing up in Washington D.C., Haynes was the daughter of Dr. William S. Lofton, a prominent Black dentist and financier, and Lavinia Day Lofton, an … "[2] She taught in the public schools of Washington, D.C., for 47 years and in 1966 became the first woman to chair the DC Board of Education, on which she served through 1967. Dorothy Vaughan (1910-2008) Dorothy Vaughan, a Kansas City, Missouri, native and mathematician, was … Haynes was a professor of mathematics at University of the District of Columbia where she was chair of the Division of Mathematics and Business Education, a department she created dedicated to training African American teachers.[2]. The math pioneer was born Martha Euphemia Lofton to a dentist father and kindergarten teacher mother. After graduating from Washington D.C. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born on September 11, 1890 to William S. Lofton. The Washington, D.C. native was born September 11, 1890. She was the first African-American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics, which she earned from the Catholic University of America in 1943. She was born in Washington, D.C. as Martha Euphemia Lofton, to Dr. William S. Lofton, a prominent Black dentist and investor in Black businesses and Lavinia Day Lofton, who was active in the Catholic Church. This location, the time pe- riod, and her race played major roles in shaping her life. By ericandshaunaash | Updated: Feb. 27, 2019, 10:41 p.m. Loading... Slideshow Movie. Euphemia Lofton Haynes (September 11, 1890, Washington, D.C. – July 25, 1980, Washington, D.C.) was the first African-American woman to earn a … Haynes was born on September 11, 1890, in Washington, DC, just twenty-five years after the end of the United States Civil War. Education. "Euphemia Lofton Haynes became the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics in 1943. Click for another photo. [2], In 2004, the E.L. Haynes Public Charter School in Washington, DC was named in her honor. She also occasionally taught part-time at Howard University. Last Will and Testament of William S Lofton. Euphemia Lofton Haynes. Dr. Euphemia Lofton Haynes Our Namesake Born September 11, 1890, in Washington, DC, Martha Euphemia Lofton was the daughter of a prominent local dentist and an elementary school teacher. Dr. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born as Martha Euphemia Lofton on September 11, 1890, to Dr. William Lofton and Mrs. Lavina Day Lofton in Washington, D.C. Haynes earned her Bachelor’s of Arts in Mathematics from Smith College. In 1890, when his daughter Euphemia was born, William and Lavinia Lofton were living at 1543 M Street, Northwest, Washington D.C. A little over two years later Euphemia's brother Joseph William Lofton (1893 - 1959) was born. She was the valedictorian of M Street High School in 1907 and then graduated from University of the District of Columbia with distinction and a degree in education in 1909. She was the first African-American woman to gain a PhD in mathematics, from the Catholic University of America in 1943. Her family papers are housed in the Catholic University archives. K Feil, Obituary: Euphemia Lofton Haynes. Informational Video . Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born Martha Euphemia Lofton on September 11, 1890, in Washington-Her father Dr. Williams S. Lofton, a black dentist, and her mother a … SHARE THE AWESOMENESS. Her Catholic faith was an inspiration for her commitment in education and leadership. She grew up in Wash-ington, DC, earned a bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Smith College in 1914, Euphemia Lofton Haynes . Euphemia Haynes was born in Washington, D.C. on September 11, 1890. She taught mathematics and served as chair of the Math Department at Dunbar High School. The Euphemia Lofton Haynes Award in Mathematics. Her father was a prominent Black dentist and financier of Black businesses in the D.C. area. Washington, DC, by its very nature has always been unique. Biography (with multiple photos) by Susan Kelly, Carly Sinners, Katherine Zoroufy: This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 06:25. By the time Haynes was born,… In the year 1930, Euphemia Lofton Haynes (Haynes was the name of her husband; Harold Appo Haynes whom she married in 1917) established the Department of Mathematics at Miners Teac Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes (September 11, 1890 – July 25, 1980) was an American mathematician and educator. She advocated constantly for equal opportunity for the poor and the abolishing of segregation. William and Lavinia, however, became involved in … Euphemia Lofton Haynes (11 September 1890 – 15 July 1980) was the first Afro-American to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics in 1943. [2] She went on to earn an undergraduate mathematics major (and psychology minor) from Smith College in 1914. 1890-1980 Dr. Haynes was born Martha Euphemia Lofton, though she rarely went by the name Martha. Euphemia Lofton Haynes: Bringing Education Closer to the \Goal of Perfection" Susan E. Kelly Carly Shinners Katherine Zoroufy y Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was the rst African American woman to receive a PhD in mathematics. S W Williams, Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes, first African American woman mathematician. [3] She taught first grade at Garrison and Garfield Schools, and mathematics at Armstrong High School. Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born Martha Euphemia Lofton on September 11, 1890, in Washington, D.C. Euphemia Lofton Haynes. She retired in 1959 from the public school system, but went on to establish the mathematics department at University of the District of Columbia. Martha was an American mathematician and educator. [3] While on the DC Board of Education, she was an outspoken critic of the "track system", which she argued discriminated against African American Students by assigning them to tracks that left them unprepared for college. [3] This work contributed towards the filing of Hobson v. Hansen (1967) which led to the end of the track system in DC. The first African-American woman toobtaina doctorate in Mathematics, Euphemia Lofton Hayneswas born in Washington D.C. Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born Martha Euphemia Lofton on September 11, 1890, in Washington, D.C. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was born and raised in Washington D.C. One of such ‘number prodigy’ was the elegantly beautiful Euphemia Lofton Haynes. [4], "The Archivist's Nook: African American History? Ph.D. (Mathematics) Catholic University, 1943 Euphemia Lofton Haynes (1890-1980) Washington, D.C. native Euphemia Lofton Haynes was the first African American woman to earn a doctorate in mathematics. She grew up in Washington, D.C. 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